Plant Diet - What Your Plants Crave If your growing cabinet plants are hungry, then make sure to feed them a good mixture of the following Macro-nutrients and a good spread of micro-nutrients as well. About 90% of what your growing cabinet plants diet is going to require is macro nutrients. Every single one of these are required for a plants growth, and the right ratios must be given for robust growth. Too much or little of any one of these nutrients will result in your growing cabinet grow to be disappointing.
Growing Cabinet Nitrogen (N) The most important nutrient for vegetative growth. Leafs and stems need a healthy dose of each of these for vital cell reproduction. Nitrogen regulates the plant’s ability to make new protoplasm in the cells and is also necessary for the production of amino acids, enzymes, nucleic acids, chlorophyll and alkaloids. When your plants hit their flowering phase of growth, you will need to cut back on the amount of nitrogen you will need to give you plants. If you end up giving your plants too much during flowering, you can easily flush it out of your plants solution using some pH adjusted water and start over refilling your reservoir. Phosphorous (P) Plants need large amounts of phosphorous during germination, cloning, fruiting and flowering and it is highly important to a plant’s ability to photosynthesize. Phosphorous is also a component of DNA, many enzymes and proteins. Plants without access to large amounts of phosphorous during the fruiting and flowering phase will be stunted in growth and fruit production. Potassium (K) Potassium is needed for the plants entire life cycle. If a plant lacks this vital nutrient, it will not be able to fight of disease well. Additionally, potassium is necessary for chlorophyll production in the plants cells and transport of simple sugars through the plants vascular system. Finally, this nutrient plays a vital role of the plants stoma operation which essentially regulates the plants cells pressure and respiration. Secondary Nutrients Magnesium (Mg) Again, magnesium is needed throughout the plants entire life-cycle. Magnesium deficiencies are common, but are easily fixed. If you notice there is a problem with yellowing in your plant, the first thing you should try to do is add a little Epson salt to your reservoir to correct this problem. If your plant is lacking magnesium, chlorophyll production comes to a halt and photons will reflect off of your plants leafs. Finally, Mg does a job of neutralizing plant byproducts and soil acidity if your growing in soil. Calcium (Ca) Another nutrient that is needed throughout a plants entire life-cycle. Deficiencies of calcium are quite common, and you should be looking out for them when plants wilt. Plant cells cannot reproduce without a adequate supply of calcium, and roots will not stay healthy without as they are used in root tip processes. If your using RO water or filtered water in your hydro reservoir, make sure to add calcium in addition to your normal nutrient dosage. Sulfur (S) Two part nutrient solutions exist because sulfur and calcium do not usually stay isolated when combined together in close proximity. If you are using a low quality nutrient kit, then a white residue may form in the bottom of the hydro system as these two elements combine and precipitate out of the system. Proteins and vitamins are created for use by the plant using Sulfur as an essential component in the process.